Nunavik LHCs

Sakkuq LHC of Kuujjuaraapik

Sakkuq LHC of KuujjuaraapikKuujjuaraapik, meaning "Little Great River" in Inuktitut, is an Inuit/Cree community in the territory of Northern Quebec.  The community is located on the shores of Great Whale River just 2 km inland from Hudson Bay at approximately 55°16'30" N, 77°45'30" W.  As of 2006, the population of Kuujjuaraapik was 1,388 (576 Inuit, 812 Cree).  Sakkuq Landholding Corporation of Kuujjuaraapik is the owner of 285.25 km2 of Category I lands and has specific rights, responsibilities and controls over 4,565 km2 of Category II lands.

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Kuujjuaraapik is nestled in golden sand dunes at the mouth of the Great Whale River. Beyond the village, the land is rather flat; a carpet of moss and rock unfold as far as the eye can see. From the crest of the dunes, there is a good view of Hudson Bay and the Manitounuk Islands that are just a little to the north along the coast.

Kuujjuaraapik is Nunavik's southernmost village. It is also unique as it is a bicultural community of Inuit and Cree. The Cree community is called Whapmagootsui (where there are whales, in the Cree language). This village is also officially designated Poste-de-la-Baleine, making it one of the few places in Canada with three official names.

The village itself started to develop in the late 1930s. During World War II, the United States built a military base and airport, which they turned over to the Canadian government in 1948. This base was also the control station of the Mid-Canada Line, a line of military radar stations constructed in 1955 from the Atlantic Ocean to the Hudson Bay along the 55th parallel. The population of Kuujjuaraapik decreased significantly in 1985 when many families, fearing the negative impacts of the Great Whale River hydro-electric project, decided to relocate to Umiujaq, about 160 km north of Kuujjuaraapik.


The landholding corporations are legal entities created as non-profit associations under section
5 of the Land Regime Act, and governed by said Act, the JBNQA and the Quebec Companies

The membership of the landholding corporations is composed of the beneficiaries affiliated to
their respective communities. They are therefore ethnic bodies that serve community interests.

The internal structure of the landholding corporations is governed by By-laws duly adopted by
the members of the corporations. Thus, they can establish a Board of Directors composed of 3
to 12 members (according to the need of the communities) elected for a two (2) years term.
Among such directors, an executive committee is instituted with functions relevant to the
presidency, vice-presidency, secretarial and treasury of the organization.

The Board of directors has general administration powers, which include the power to hire staff
members, adopt by-laws, signing contracts, commit financially, etc., while bearing in mind their
general mandate, which is the pursuit of benefits for their respective communities.

Their principal duties and powers originate from the Land Regime Act and from the Act
respecting Hunting, Fishing and Trapping in the James Bay and Northern Quebec territories and
Chapter 3 of the JBNQA regarding eligibility of JBNQA beneficiaries. In addition, various
environmental laws allow landholding corporations to make representation to environmental
review boards created by the JBNQA.

They can be involved in profitable activities by incorporating subsidiary companies, even in
partnership with outside organizations, other landholding corporations or individuals.

Local landholding corporations are also responsible for the maintenance and updating of their
respective enrollment beneficiary list, among which amounts are proportionally allocated from

Board of Directors
Alec Tuckatuck
Cora Fleming
Lizzie Calvin
Raymond Mickpegak
Anthony Ittoshat (President)
Mary Hannah Angatookalook (Vice-President)
Charlie Calvin (Secretary)
Charlie Calvin (Treasurer)
General Manager
NameParsa Kitishimik
Contact Information
Postal CodeJ0M 1G0
Subsidiary Companies
SubsidiaryQilaulugaq Resto pub
Descriptionbar lounge
AddressPO BOX 129, 1042 Tukimuaqtuk St, Kuujjuaraapik, QC, J0M 1G0
PhoneTel.: 819 929 3374, Fax: 819 929 3062
ContactClaude Despars

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