Nunavik LHCs

Qekeirriaq LHC of Akulivik

Qekeirrriaq LHC of AkulivikAkulivik, meaning "Central Pong of a Kakivak" in Inuktitut, is an Inuit community in the territory of Northern Quebec.  The community is located on the shores of Hudson Bay at approximately 60°48'7" N, 78°12'55" W.  As of 2006, the population of Akulivik was 524.  Qekeirriak Landholding Corporation of Akulivik is the owner of 557.7 km2 of Category I lands and has specific rights, responsibilities and controls over 5,190.9 km2 of Category II lands.

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Akulivik takes its name from surrounding geography. A peninsula jutting into Hudson Bay between two small bodies of water, the area evokes the shape of a kakivak, a traditional, trident-shaped spear used for fishing. To the south is the mouth of the Illukotat River and to the north is a deep bay, which forms a natural port and the village against strong winds. Ice around the peninsula tends to break up particularly early in the spring, making the area good for hunting. The soil around Akulivik carries vestiges of the last ice age: its white, sandy texture is the crumbly remains of fossilized seashells.

By 1933 according to Hudson Bay Company records, there were about 140 Inuit living on Qikirtajuaq. In 1952, the post was closed, forcing the now somewhat sedentary groups to move to Puvirnituq, the next closest trading post.

The displaced people, however, never forgot the land where they had grown up. In 1973, one family moved back to the area. The following year, many others followed and together, they built the village of Akulivik.

The landholding corporations are legal entities created as non-profit associations under section
5 of the Land Regime Act, and governed by said Act, the JBNQA and the Quebec Companies

The membership of the landholding corporations is composed of the beneficiaries affiliated to
their respective communities. They are therefore ethnic bodies that serve community interests.

The internal structure of the landholding corporations is governed by By-laws duly adopted by
the members of the corporations. Thus, they can establish a Board of Directors composed of 3
to 12 members (according to the need of the communities) elected for a two (2) years term.
Among such directors, an executive committee is instituted with functions relevant to the
presidency, vice-presidency, secretarial and treasury of the organization.

The Board of directors has general administration powers, which include the power to hire staff
members, adopt by-laws, signing contracts, commit financially, etc., while bearing in mind their
general mandate, which is the pursuit of benefits for their respective communities.

Their principal duties and powers originate from the Land Regime Act and from the Act
respecting Hunting, Fishing and Trapping in the James Bay and Northern Quebec territories and
Chapter 3 of the JBNQA regarding eligibility of JBNQA beneficiaries. In addition, various
environmental laws allow landholding corporations to make representation to environmental
review boards created by the JBNQA.

They can be involved in profitable activities by incorporating subsidiary companies, even in
partnership with outside organizations, other landholding corporations or individuals.

Local landholding corporations are also responsible for the maintenance and updating of their
respective enrollment beneficiary list, among which amounts are proportionally allocated from

Board of Directors
Davidee Makimmak
Elisapie Irqumia
Lucassie Alayco Sr.
Lucassie Angiyou
Juanasie Qaqutuk (President)
Markusie Anautak (Vice-President)
Nowya Quissa (Secretary)
Nowya Quissa (Treasurer)
General Manager
NameHenry Quissa
Contact Information
Postal CodeJ0M 1V0
Subsidiary Companies

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