Nunavik LHCs

Anniturvik LHC of Umiujaq

Anniturvik LHC of UmiujaqUmiujaq, meaning "Which Resembles a Boat" in Inuktitut, is an Inuit community in the territory of Northern Quebec.  The community is located on the shores of Hudson Bay at approximately 56°33'7" N, 76°32'57" W.  As of 2006, the population of Umiujaq was 412.  Anniturvik Landholding Corporation of Umiujaq is the owner of 285.25 km2 of Category I lands and has specific rights, responsibilities and controls over 3,034 km2 of Category II lands.

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Umiujaq is located at the foot of a hill resembling an overturned umiaq (traditional Inuit walrus-skin boat). The landscape around the village is splendid and varied. Exploration is particularly enjoyable by foot as the mountainous surroundings are well drained with only a few lakes.

Richmond Gulf (Tasiujaq), located 15 km east of the village, is an immense inland bay. It is joined with Hudson Bay by a rocky, glacier-polished gulch, named the "Goulet," which resembles a canyon.

Located about 160 km north of Kuujjuarapik, Umiujaq was established in 1986. In light of the La Grande hydroelectric project and the proposed Great Whale hydroelectric project, Inuit negotiated a clause into the 1975 James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement that provided for the relocation of Inuit from Kuujjuarapik to the Richmond Gulf. In 1982, by way of referendum, they opted to create a new community where they could preserve their traditional lifestyle in an area where fish and game were not threatened.


The landholding corporations are legal entities created as non-profit associations under section 5 of the Land Regime Act, and governed by said Act, the JBNQA and the Quebec Companies

The membership of the landholding corporations is composed of the beneficiaries affiliated to
their respective communities. They are therefore ethnic bodies that serve community interests.

The internal structure of the landholding corporations is governed by By-laws duly adopted by
the members of the corporations. Thus, they can establish a Board of Directors composed of 3
to 12 members (according to the need of the communities) elected for a two (2) years term.
Among such directors, an executive committee is instituted with functions relevant to the
presidency, vice-presidency, secretarial and treasury of the organization.

The Board of directors has general administration powers, which include the power to hire staff
members, adopt by-laws, signing contracts, commit financially, etc., while bearing in mind their
general mandate, which is the pursuit of benefits for their respective communities.

Their principal duties and powers originate from the Land Regime Act and from the Act
respecting Hunting, Fishing and Trapping in the James Bay and Northern Quebec territories and
Chapter 3 of the JBNQA regarding eligibility of JBNQA beneficiaries. In addition, various
environmental laws allow landholding corporations to make representation to environmental
review boards created by the JBNQA.

They can be involved in profitable activities by incorporating subsidiary companies, even in
partnership with outside organizations, other landholding corporations or individuals.

Local landholding corporations are also responsible for the maintenance and updating of their
respective enrollment beneficiary list, among which amounts are proportionally allocated from
the Hunter Support Program created under the JBNQA.

Board of Directors
Sarowillie Anowack
Simeonie Nuluktuk
Simon Tookalook
Aliva Tookalook (President)
Zack Niviaxie (Vice-President)
Rebecca Naluktuk (Secretary)
Rebecca Naluktuk (Treasurer)
General Manager
NameNellie Niviaxie
Contact Information
Postal CodeJ0M 1Y0
Subsidiary Companies

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