Rights and Powers over Category I Lands

The landholding corporations own, collectively, in full ownership, their selected Category I lands,
for the benefits of their members.

Therefore, landholding corporations may act as a real owner and grant rights of use and
occupancy on Category I lands (through land lease agreements, occupation contracts, etc.)

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In accordance with the rules contained in the JBNQA and the Land Regime Act, they can:

  • Grant rights over Category I lands in the form of leases or occupation permits to any
    individual, corporation, organization or government agencies requesting authorization to
    occupy a piece of Category I lands;

  • Negotiate, receive and administer the rental payments from existing and future leases or
    occupation permits;

  • Allocate pieces of land for community services such as schools, hospitals, power plans,
    police stations supplied by government or government agencies for a nominal amount
    of $1.00;

  • Negotiate compensation for the use of mineral rights over Category I lands, including the
    use of gravel pits and quarries;

  • Participate with the northern village in the exercise of their respective but complementary
    responsibilities, being among others towards the elaboration of master and land use
    managements plans, the creation of a land use committee and the allocation of pieces of
    lands for occupation or construction purposes.

Their ownership is true for surface rights only.

Rights and Powers over Category 2 Lands

Nunavik landholding corporations are not owners of Category II lands. It is the Government of
Québec that owns that category of land.

Category II (and III) lands suffers no exception regarding the ownership of soapstone deposits,
unlike Category I lands. Nevertheless, the JBNQA and the Land Regime concede rights to use
soapstone for traditional arts and crafts to every Inuit beneficiary, interested landholding
corporation or local Inuit cooperative.

Surface, mineral and subsurface rights over Category II lands are in the hands of the Québec
government who may approve development projects with respect of some preliminary

  • Consultation with the concerned landholding corporation(s)
  • Compensation to concerned landholding corporation(s) or
  • Replacement of Category II land.

Rights and Powers over Category 3 Lands

Category III lands are owned by the Government of Québec. The Québec Government may
consequently authorize development projects without consulting the nearby communities and
landholding corporations.

Category III lands are a joint use area for Inuit and non-Inuit in matter of access, as well as for
hunting and fishing activities.